Patterns and Meanings
These patterns were created by General Choi Hong Hi, their meanings reflect memorable people or events in Korean history, The patterns are performed by Master Richard Kanous II at the request of Grandmaster Bu Kwang Park, co-founder of Unified Tae Kwon-Do. They are intended to assist students; they are not a substitute for a qualified Unified Tae Kwon-Do Instructor.
Chon-Ji Tul literally means the “Heaven and the Earth”. It is, in the Orient,Interpreted as the creation world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern practiced by the beginner. This pattern has 19 movements and consists of two similar parts, one represents Heaven and the other represents Earth.
Do-San Tul is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement. This pattern has 24 movements.
Yul-Gok Tul is the pseudonym of the great philosopher Yi I (1536-1584 A.D.), nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude and the diagram represents “scholar”.
Toi-Gae Tul is the penname of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th A. D.), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude, the diagram represents “scholar”.
Dan Gun Tul, named after the Holy Dan Gun, the founder of Korea in the year 2333 B. C. This pattern has 21 movements.
Won Hyo Tul was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D. This pattern has 28 movements.
Joong Gun Tul is named for the patriot An Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the 1st Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part of the Korea-Japan merger. The 32 movements in this pattern represent Mr. An’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shang prison in 1910.
Hwa-Rang Tul is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the (29 Movements) Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago. This group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae Kwon-Do developed into maturity.
Choong Moo Tul was the given name to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobuk son), which was the precursor of the modern day submarine in 1592 A.D. This pattern ends in a left hand attack to symbolize his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. This pattern has 30 movements.